You are a victim of crime and have suffered injuries (for instance assault intentional injuries, rape etc.).
Procedural law allows you to assert your patrimonial claims within the criminal procedure, so that you may achieve compensation if the accused person is declared guilty.
In many situations, however, your right for obtaining compensation would be illusory, especially in the following cases:
- the criminal perpetrator could not be identified
- the criminal perpetrator is identified, but could not be located
- the criminal perpetrator is insolvent.
In any case the compensation procedure within the criminal procedure may be long and costly.
The law of 12 March 1984 on compensation to certain victims having suffered injuries resulting from crime, as completed by a law of 14 April 1992, foresees, on behalf of the State budget, a right for certain victims of crime to get compensation paid by the State budget. This is an important measure in favour of the victim.